SQL Server 2014 Backup and Recovery

In early October my third book was published. I have been blessed to be able to work with Joes2Pros for my first two books, however Joes2Pros is focusing its time and energy into video content. When SQL 2014 was released and new features were added for backups, there was a need to revise my first book titled SQL Backup and Recovery.

In October a publishing arm of Linchpin People LLC was formed. Linchpin Press was birthed and I am happy to announce that the first book published was SQL Server 2014 Backup and Recovery. The book has been available on Amazon for a few weeks and there will be two book signings at the SQL PASS Summit next week in Seattle.  So if you are going to be at the PASS Summit, track us down and get a signed copy.

With my first book, my friend Rick Morelan gave me the opportunity to become a published author, then for my second book I was able to collaborate with Rick and Pinal Dave for a SQL 2012 Administration book. For this last project I was able to pay it forward and collaborate with my good friend John Sterrett. My friend John is a brilliant SQL Server guy, blogs a lot, speaks at events all over the place and had a great story to tell about how important knowing how to restore your databases can be.

In additional to collaborating with John on the book, we had the most awesome editor in the world. Karen Forster is a miracle worker. John and I both learned a great deal from Karen and she is fantastic to work with. Also my brother Todd Radney of Yesterdays Photography took the cover photo. It was very cool to be able to share this experience with my brother.

With that said, I am proud to introduce the very first Linchpin Press book.


Posted in Backups/Recovery | 2 Comments

SQL Server 2008 SP4 Released

On September 30th 2014 Microsoft released service pack 4 for SQL Server 2008. This service pack contains all cumulative updates since SP3 was released as well as all updates from previous service packs.

Today begins the day we should all begin testing in Dev with SP4. You can get information about this service pack and links to download here http://support.microsoft.com/kb/2979596

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What PASS is to me #sqlpass

I found out about the Professional Association for SQL Server (PASS) in 2008 when I attended my first PASS Community Summit “SQL Server Heroes UNITE”. For those who don’t know what the PASS Summit is, it is the largest SQL Server and BI convention in the world. A SQL Nerd Herd. While attending the PASS Community Summit I learned about our extensive SQL Community on twitter, learned about SQL Saturday’s and PASS Chapters.

I quickly got much more involved in the SQL Community by attending and speaking at SQL Saturdays and user groups across the south east. By my involvement with the community I have been able to increase my knowledge of SQL Server much more quickly by having access to very talented SQL Server professionals. Our community is strong. I have connected with other professionals from all over the world.

Over the past six years I have watched and helped PASS grow.  Way back in 2008 the SQL Saturday count was low, the first one I attended was in the 30’s. The first one I spoke at was in the 60’s. Now they are in the 300’s. The PASS Summit continues to draw record crowds. SQL Saturdays have been offering full day precon sessions for years. We have 24 Hours of PASS, SQL Rally, SQL Saturdays all over the globe, a record number of PASS Chapters, BI focused SQL Saturdays, virtual PASS Chapters, and more.

Over the past few years I have taken over the local PASS Chapter in my town, have been a regional mentor for my region, was recognized as an outstanding PASS volunteer, have spoken at over 30 SQL Saturdays, dozens of user groups, given several webinars, written books, blogged, etc. None of this would have been possible had it not been for PASS to provide the infrastructure and our awesome SQL Community.

Over the past couple of years PASS has tried to grow into the Business Analytics space. A new event called PASS BAC has been started. The Business Analytics world is getting a lot of attention and rightfully so. You can just as easily interchange Business with Data. I have been working with a data scientist over the past few months. This person works heavily with MySQL, Microsoft SQL Server, R, SAP, Excel, Oracle, Hadoop, MongoDB and other technologies. For this person he doesn’t really care about the database engine he is pulling data from, however he does care a bit about where he is storing his analytic data. Learning about this persons role has been eye opening.

As this field continues to grow, PASS has seen an opportunity to expand and try to grow into this region of data analytics. This is evident with the creation of the BAC event. Part of this decision ledPASS to drop the full name of the chartered organization from published content. PASS will be simply PASS instead of the Professional Association for SQL Server. When this announcement went out via a blog post, it was met with a mixed reaction from the community. My personal reaction was a feeling of hurt. I felt a bit jaded that the community that was built for SQL Server users was going to lose the attention on the Microsoft data platform. The initial communication sharing the news of PASS dropping professional and SQL Server from the name was not as clear as it could have been. It caught many of us off guard. In reaction to the community chatter, our current PASS President addressed it well in a blog post. I loved the analogy of building a bigger umbrella.

Does this change affect my PASSion for PASS, no. PASS is still an awesome part of our SQL community that I love. Our community makes PASS, however PASS helps provide a lot of the infrastructure to help grow the community too. Will I continue to share the experience of PASS with others as I travel and speak about Microsoft SQL Server, absolutely. Should you be a member of PASS, heck yes. If you are not a current member, it would greatly benefit you to sign up to “connect, share and learn”. sqlpass.org


Posted in Training/Events | 1 Comment

4 Things I Wish I Knew Sooner

I was recently called out by Tim Costello on a blog series started by Mike Walsh.  http://www.interworks.com/blogs/tcostello/2014/08/27/4-things-i-wish-i-knew-sooner-bi-consultant

The series calls for each blogger to list 4 things they wish they had known sooner in their career as a data geek.

1) Knowing how to query data != DBA. You will be insulted. There is a tremendous amount to learn and most technologist have no idea how much they don’t know about your field. What I found after becoming a data professional is that in the world of SQL you can take many different paths for your data career such as TSQL developer, DBA, report writer, ETL, BI, BA and more. What you will find is a run of the mill technologist that can write a select statement will also call them self a DBA. Let it go, don’t bother arguing with them.

2) Know Recovery – I was shown how to make sure we have backups early in my new role as a DBA, quickly after that we had 100% turnover (roughly). Soon after that came a time when we had to restore a database to a point in time. That process took much longer than it should have.  Know your backups and know your restore processes. Practice them often.

3) Your Enthusiasm will not become contagious – You might become very enthusiastic about your DBA related career. You may find yourself attending free online training, going to user group meetings, attending SQL Saturdays or any other number of events to boost your career. Others in your work place may simply view their job as a job. Not a career like you. You can encourage them to join you but don’t let their lack of self learning impact you. Also as you become more successful, don’t let their jealousy impact your desire to learn and be the best person you can be.

4) Pace yourself- You will have to learn to balance your work life and home life. This also includes your study time. Work life balance is very important, not only from your employer working you to hard, but also your time with self learning, blogging, reading, etc. Don’t miss out on those special family moments, but also don’t miss out on a few sacrifices to ensure financial stability. It is a balance after all.


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An error occurred while executing batch. Error message is: Arithmetic Overflow

Recently an incident came across my desk where an end user was receiving an error trying to retrieve some records from the database. The error message the customer received was “An error occurred while executing batch. Error message is: Arithmetic Overflow”.

Experience has taught me that this message is related to an invalid dataset within a record or invalid column size. In this particular event the column was FLOAT and a data entry contain characters and symbols. Obviously an error in user entry or an import.

The issue that comes up is how can you query the data if it continues to give this error each time you try to query a set of data that contains that record. The easiest way is to convert the column to another data type. In my case I converted the FLOAT data type to NVARCHAR.

WHERE Value = ‘ABC123’

I am then able to query the dataset to my range of data to see the invalid record. I can then run an update statement to correct the values or null them out.

Posted in Query Tidbits, SQLServerPedia Syndication | Leave a comment

Microsoft SQL Server “Most Valuable Professional” MVP << I am one #mvpbuzz


Today I received an email notifying me that I have been awarded the Microsoft “MVP” award. An excerpt from Microsoft’s website states

The Microsoft Most Valuable Professional (MVP) Award is our way of saying thank you to exceptional, independent community leaders who share their passion, technical expertise, and real-world knowledge of Microsoft products with others.”  reference

It is a huge honor to be given this award just as it has been extremely humbling to be nominated for this award by friends within the SQL Server community. I feel very lucky to be part of the awesome SQL Server community, to have made friends all over the globe and now to be part of the MVP community.

Little did I know how much my life was going to change when on 10/28/2008 my boss told me that our training budget got reinstated and did I want to go to the PASS Summit. I quickly registered and when I arrived in Seattle and felt the energy of our community I was hooked. During that Summit I was attending a session on DMV’s when Grant Fritchey shared with the audience about SQL Saturday’s.  I took note of it, attended the next two in the South East USA and then started speaking at them.

My passion and desire for learning never let up. I have attended every PASS Summit since, attended or spoke at dozens of events the past few years, contributed on forums, written blogs, been a PASS Regional Mentor, Chapter Leader, PASS Big Brother, etc.  As much as I try to give back I still feel like I am receiving more from this community then I can contribute. The friendships I have made and the lives I have been able to touch make all the time and energy put into it worth it.

There are so many others deserving of this award world wide. If you know someone who consistently gives of themselves back to the Microsoft community please take time to nominate them today.

Posted in Presentations, SQLServerPedia Syndication | Tagged , , | 6 Comments

I am speaking at the PASS Summit 2014

I am super excited to announce that I have been selected to speak at the 2014 PASS Summit. This is considered the Super Bowl of SQL Server Conferences. It is the worlds largest gathering of SQL minded nerds. Consider it a SQL Server Nerd Herd.

Kidding aside it is the best opportunity to learn as much as possible about SQL Server. There will be over 170 different sessions to pick from over the course of three days as well as the option to attend two days worth of precons. Attending my first PASS Summit in 2008 changed my life and I have not missed one since.

I am very excited that the PASS Summit will be back in Seattle this year and that I get to be counted among the speaker pool.


Posted in SQLServerPedia Syndication, Training/Events | 3 Comments

SQL Server High Availability and Disaster Recovery Options

Working with Microsoft SQL Server for many years I have spent a lot of time discussing the importance of the availability of SQL Server databases.  Questions that always come up when discussing availability of the data is “Recovery Time Objective – RTO” and “Recovery Point Objective – RPO”.  Both questions are very important when determining your solution for high availability (HA) within your data center as well as your solution for disaster recovery (DR).

Microsoft SQL Server gives us several options for mitigating potential risk for our SQL Server environments.  Each solution has its pros and cons and careful consideration should go into your solution.  Before you can build a solution you have to have requirements on what risk you are trying to protect against. Some items you might want to protect against are OS failure, hardware failure, data corruption, or a data center failure. We have different options to help mitigate these potential failures and each solution comes with a certain cost and level of complexity.  For organizations, they have to weigh the cost of the solution and complexity to manage it against the actual risk. I like to say that it comes down to a math problem that usually involves a budget. What are some technologies we typically see implemented to address HA/DR with SQL Server? Below you will see a chart I like to use that demonstrates some of the pros and cons of Log Shipping, Database Mirroring, Replication, Windows Failover Clusters, Availability Groups, and Virtualization (not a SQL technology) HA_DR_Options

Many times when discussing HA and DR people tend to confuse or mix the two.  HA is a system designed that allows for minimal downtime, typically this is for protection from an OS or hardware failure.  DR is risk avoidance on a much larger scale. When discussing DR we typically cover risk management, RPO, RTO and build a disaster recovery plan. DR typically involves a second data center whereas HA is typically building redundancy within your data center.

As you can see from the list above, all but virtualization provide both hardware and OS level protection.  Log Shipping is the only solution that provides a load delay in synchronizing data. This is a very important feature that can help you protect against an accidental data oops.  Imagine ingesting bad that would require you to restore a database, or have an accident where an update/delete statement was ran without a where clause.  If you were using replication, mirroring or any other HA solution that provides near real time replication, those transactions would also be applied against your replica.  If you had a load delay of 12 to 24 hours you could roll the logs to just before the accident and be back online much quicker than restoring the database.

As previously stated, in order to know which solution is best for you, you really have to know what your requirements are. For me, I typically use a combination of most of the solutions depending on my environment. I have a combination of log shipping, failover clustering, availability groups and virtualization in place. For very large critical environments, a log shipped secondary provides a nice level of comfort knowing I can bring a multi terabyte database back online in minutes in the event I have a data issue.




Posted in Backups/Recovery, SQLServerPedia Syndication | 2 Comments

Know Backups and Know Restores – SQL Server Restores

A couple of years ago I put together a training session to demonstrate various types of backups and restores. The driving factor behind me building this session was the response I got from talking to a dozen or so DBA’s about disaster recovery. I asked how many have ever performed a restore where you had to apply transaction logs.  I expected everyone to raise their hand but I only had one person.  This was from a group where everyone was responsible for backup and recovery of their environment.

With something so simple I realized there is a big need for demonstrating these actions so that at least everyone is familiar with the process. I had to spice things up since performing backups and restores are not all that sexy. In my presentation I demonstrate traditional backups using full and log, then full with differential and logs, a file group level backup with piecemeal restore and finally tail log backups.

With the tail log backup I backup the tail end of the transaction log after deleting the data file as well as attaching a transaction log from a database on one virtual machine to a database on another virtual machine and still back up the tail end of the log.  This is always well received.

During my presentation I demo a set of scripts that I use to generate the restore script. I share that many have adapted these scripts to their production routines to generate their restore script after every backup. This helps tremendously for restore validations as well as production restores and could also be leveraged in your DR procedures.

I have included a download of my sample databases, scripts and presentation here >>> KnowBackups


Posted in Backups/Recovery | Tagged , , , | 7 Comments

Making a Difference – #SQLFamily

When I started with the SQL Community I was first encourage to start blogging which I started in Sept of 2010. While at the PASS Summit in 2010 I was encourage to submit to speak at a SQL Saturday. I submitted my first ever session for SQL Saturday #62 and got selected to speak. This event was held on Jan 15th 2011.  Thank you to Jose Chinchilla for encouraging me to submit. (He didn’t really give me a choice)

It has been an incredible journey since then with speaking at events in numerous states within the US and multiple countries.  My most recent out of the country trip was to Costa Rica to speak at SQL Saturday 282.  I am very fortunate to have a good friend who lives there who encouraged me to come visit.  I met Kenneth a couple of years prior at a SQL Skills class in Tampa Florida.  A nice thing that SQL Skills does is one night during each week of training they have a “free for all” where the attendees can get up and present a short talk. I took advantage of this and gave a trimmed down version of my session “Getting Involved and Getting Ahead” where I share my journey with volunteering in the SQL Community.

Little did I know that giving this talk would have such a profound impact on someone in the audience. This is where I met my now good friend Kenneth Urena. After my talk Kenneth approached me with lots of questions on how to do this himself. I shared everything I knew. I talked about local PASS Chapters, virtual chapters, SQL Saturdays, etc.  We connected with each other on social media so we could stay in touch and we have.

While at Summit this past year in Charlotte NC we made a deal, if I come to Costa Rica and present a session that Kenneth would come to Atlanta and present.  We both held up our end of the agreement however what I did not realize is that it would be the first time my friend presented a technical session in English.  I did not realize this until an hour before his session. Kenneth sent me a text to come help him review his slides during lunch (his session was right after lunch). When I arrived he was very nervous but we went through his material and he was awesome.  His language was excellent, his slides were great and he knew the material very well. My only advice was to take things slow, not to rush and speak clearly. I hope this helped to calm his nerves because when he got to his room it was packed.

You should read Kenneth’s account of how he came to start speaking and how his session went in Atlanta. The interaction with the room monitor is worth reading the post. http://sqlcr.com/content/my-first-sql-saturday-english-speaker-few-years-journey

Kenneth, thank you for giving back to the SQL Community and helping to extend the #SQLFamily to Latin America.  You all are awesome. I had the best time in Costa Rica and can’t wait to come back.


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